First Aid Procedures
- Immediately consult your Vet for
advice and let him know you are on your way for treatment.
- Dogs do not understand pain and may
try to bite you.
- Muzzle dogs
- Apply pressure pads to wounds to stop
or control bleeding.
- Injuries may cause pets to go into
- Keep warm with a blanket. If pet is
unconscious, place head lower than body during transportation.
- Avoid unnecessary movement during
- Transport pet in box or on a hard flat
object such as a board to minimize movement of injured body parts.
Normal Temperature Range
Dogs: 100 - 103 degrees Fahrenheit
Place pet on side, press quickly down on chest, release immediately.
Direct force of hands slightly forward. Repeat several times. Open mouth
and remove object. Apply artificial respiration if needed.
Mouth, nose and throat airways should be cleared. Clamp your hands
around pet's face and blow into nose airway until chest expands. Remove
your mouth until chest deflates. Repeat procedure every 5 seconds until
pet breathes on his own.
Minor: Itching and swelling of eyes, ears, face. Skin lesions.
Animal paws at affected area. Acute: Caused by food, sting or vaccine.
Treatment for Allergic Reactions
Minor: Wash affected area with a mild soap. If poisoning suspected,
give milk of magnesia and enema. Use child's glycerin suppository.
Acute: Rush to vet. Needs shot of Adrenaline.
Gagging, drooling, making choking sounds. Difficult to breathe and
swallow. Paws at mouth. Possibly unconscious.
Treatment for Choking
Examine nasal and throat passages for foreign object. Remove if
possible. If unable to dislodge, apply HEIMLICH MANEUVER. Consult your
Slobbering, panting, rapid heart
beat, high temperature. Vomiting. Possible coma.
Treatment for Heat Stroke
Possibly life threatening. Call Vet. Lower temperature by
moving out of sun and bathe in cold water. Apply ice to chest. Massage
limbs gently. If conscious, feed small amounts of cool water. Rush to
Slow or stopped breathing. Pupils dilated. Discolored lips and tongue.
Gasps. Possibly unconscious.
Treatment for Respiratory Problems
Remove pet's collar. If fluid in the throat, hold upside down. If
pet chokes, begin Heimlich Maneuver. If breathing stops, begin
artificial respiration. Rush to Vet
Unconsciousness, from stupor to unresponsiveness Dilation of pupils or
unequal size. Weak pulse. Varied respiratory rate. Animal will not feel
pain if feet pinched hard.
Treatment for Cardiac Arrest
Treat as for shock. Do not give anything by mouth. Call and transport
to Vet immediately. THIS IS CRITICAL TO SAVE THE PET.
Small cut or open wound. Minor pain. OR deep laceration or puncture.
Arterial wound. More painful.
Treatment for Bleeding
Gently and cautiously muzzle dogs. Wrap cats in blanket with head
exposed. Clean wound with hydrogen peroxide or antiseptic cream. Apply
pressure pad. If bleeding continues, apply more pressure pads and
elevate wound. Rush to Vet.
Limping, swollen joints, protruding bones. Severe pain. Possible
Treatment for Fracture
Gently and cautiously muzzle dogs. Wrap cats in blanket with head
exposed. Treat for possible shock. Cover wound with gauze. Do not move
fractured body part or attempt to treat injury. Rush to Vet
Ear Injuries Symptoms
Bleeding and swelling from
fights, lacerations or scratching. Rubbing ear on floor or ground. Head
Treatment for Ear Injuries
Apply pressure to wound with sterile pads. Bandage by laying ear
over top of head and cover both sides with gauze pads and bandage in
place. If severe, consult Vet.
Difficult to breathe. Sensitive to touch in wound area or abdomen.
Signs of blood in eyes, mouth or urine. Possibly in shock.
Treatment for Internal Injuries
Cover and treat for shock. Rush to Vet carefully in flat
secure position. Apply cold compress to bruised areas.
Eye Injuries Symptoms
Red eyeballs, excessive tearing. Eyelids closed. Pet paws at eye or
rubs face on floor or ground. Pain.
Treatment for Eye Injuries
Do not rub. Flush with water. If foreign object, remove with
moistened cotton pad. If bleeding, apply pressure with gauze pads. Hold
cold compress over pads. Consult vet.
Singed hair, inflamed skin, blisters, hair pulls out easily.
Possibly in shock. Pain.
Treatment for Burns
Flush area with cold water, apply cold wet compresses. Apply
antibiotic burn ointment. For minor burns, clean daily with sterile pad
and antiseptic soap. More serious burns, treat for shock and Rush to
Vet. Do not give pet any type of drugs without advice from Vet.
Paleness in mouth, eyelids and lips. Weak
and shallow breathing. Cool body. Semi-conscious. No response.
Treatment for Shock
Cover pet. If unconscious, head should be slightly lower than rest
of body. Massage paws and body gently and Rush to Vet.
Insect Bite Symptoms
Scratching at affected area. Panting or drooling caused by allergic
reaction. Possible vomiting and collapse
Treatment for Insect Bite
Use paste of baking soda and water or meat tenderizer dissolved in
water and apply to wound. If outdoors, apply mud pack. If swelling
occurs or breathing becomes difficult, Rush to Vet for venom antidote.
Snake Bite Symptoms
If poisonous, painful swelling
and discoloration in area of bite will occur within minutes. Difficult
to breathe. Possible convulsion and bleeding from punctures
Treatment for Snake Bite
Immediately apply tourniquet between
bite and heart. Rush to Vet for venom antidote. Remove venom from
wound if possible. Clean affected area well and apply cold compresses
Staggering blindly, looks aimless, groans in agony, trembling,
writhing, near stage of collapse. Possible convulsions, coma or
uncoordinated movements. Vomiting, salivation and diarrhea possible.
Treatment for Poisoning
To induce vomiting, give 1 to 2 teaspoons of hydrogen peroxide every
5 to 10 minutes until vomiting occurs. NO MORE THAN 4 DOSES. Or, 1
teaspoon of mustard in warm water.
Symptoms difficult to diagnose. Frothy yellow fluid expelled. Pain,
weakness, fever and dehydration. Vomiting can be caused by overeating,
motion sickness, ear problems or diet change.
Treatment for Vomiting
Do not feed or water for 24 hours. If pet is thirsty, give 2 tbsp.
water at regular intervals. You can give Pepto-Bismol to dogs only: 1
tsp. per 20 lbs. body weight every 4 hours. After 24 hours, boiled
egg and rice. If symptoms persist, contact the vet.
Offensive smell of skunk.
Treatment for Skunk
Flush the pet's eyes with lukewarm water and then apply warm olive
oil or over-the-counter artificial tears. Neutralize the smell by
bathing the pet's body thoroughly. Wear rubber gloves while doing so.
Motion Sickness Symptoms
Restlessness, panting, vomiting,
diarrhea, excessive drooling or swallowing.
Treatment for Motion Sickness
Stop the car and provide the pet some fresh air. (Veterinarians can
offer medication to administer before traveling.)
Very cold skin, ruffled fur, shivers, weakness, bloody stool,
unconsciousness, gums and tongue pale pink-gray in color.
Treatment for Hypothermia
If the condition is severe, immediately take the pet to a
veterinarian, making sure to keep him warm on the way. If the condition
is not severe, wrap the pet in a towel and apply a hot water bottle to
him. Also try using a blow dryer on him. If the pet is conscious, offer
him some warm broth.
Many kinds of ticks are visible on dogs, especially between their
toes and behind their ears and front legs. Deer ticks, which transmit
Lyme disease, often go undetected.
Removal of Ticks
Soak ticks in alcohol or small amounts of tick spray. Wait thirty
minutes, and then carefully grasp the ticks with tweezers. Be sure to
pull them straight out. After removal, apply antiseptic to the bites,
burn or flush the ticks, and thoroughly wash your hands.
Ear Mites Symptoms
Shaking or rubbing head on ground, carrying
head to one side, scratching ears, dark red wax in ears. (Cats are more
likely to get ear mites than dogs.)
Treatment for Ear Mites
Call a veterinarian. Pets' ears are fragile, and therefore should be
treated only with directions from a professional.
First Aid Supplies to keep on hand
- Cod Liver Oil
- Antiseptic Cream
- Milk of Magnesia
- Gauze Pads
- Surgical Tape
- Activated or Medical Charcoal
- Burn Ointment
- Bicarbonate of Soda
- Hydrogen Peroxide
- Child Glycerin Suppositories
- Rectal Thermometer
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